The Dead Sea, situated between Israel and the Judean hills to the west and the Trans-Jordanian plateaus to the east, is world’s deepest salt water lake, situated at Earth’s lowest point. Its present elevation is over 430 meters below sea level; its depth is 304 meters - dropping over one meter every year. At its widest point, the lake is 15 km (9 miles) wide with a length of 50 km.
The alarming depletion rate presents both a challenge and an opportunity.
In 2013, Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian officials signed a memorandum of understanding on the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project. The project scheduled to begin in 2018, would create electricity and provide an additional source of water through desalination. Yet environmentalists have warned that the resulting brine will replenish only a fraction of the lost water, while perhaps risking the Dead Sea's natural chemical balance due to the differences in chemical compositions.
Healthcare and treatments: The Dead Sea area is pretty much free of allergens and its pollen content is extremely low. What it does contain is an abundance of minerals beneficial to your skin. Also, the sea's low elevation results in high atmospheric pressure, thus providing visitors with naturally enhanced protection due to very low levels of solar UV radiation.
And the landscape – breathtaking!